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GPTs vs Assistants
GPTs vs Assistants

Comparison of GPTs in ChatGPT to Assistants in the OpenAI API.

Updated over a week ago

GPTs vs Assistants


GPTs are custom versions of ChatGPT that users can tailor for specific tasks or topics by combining instructions, knowledge, and capabilities. They can be as simple or as complex as needed, addressing anything from language learning to technical support. Plus, Team, and Enterprise users can start creating GPTs at GPT鈥檚 live inside of ChatGPT and are intended to be created by anyone with a paid subscription using a simple UI.


The Assistants API allows you to build AI assistants within your own applications. An Assistant has instructions and can leverage models, tools, and knowledge to respond to user queries. The Assistants API currently supports three types of tools: Code Interpreter, Retrieval, and Function calling. Assistants are designed to be created by developers using the OpenAI API.

Feature comparison table

The main differences between GPTs and the Assistants API are in the table below:

GPTs (ChatGPT)

Assistants (API)

Creation Process

No code

Requires coding for integration

Operational Environment

Located in ChatGPT

Can be integrated into any product or service


Included in ChatGPT on Plus/Team/Enterprise plans

Billed based on usage of different Assistant features

User Interface

Built-in UI with ChatGPT

Designed for programmatic use; can use playground for visualization


Built-in ability to share GPT with others

No built-in shareability


GPTs hosted by OpenAI

OpenAI does not host Assistants


Built-in tools like:
Browsing, DALL路E, Code Interpreter, Retrieval, and Custom Actions.

Built-in tools like:
Code Interpreter, Retrieval, and Function calling.

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